Report on Copahue (Chile-Argentina) — 16 November-22 November 2022
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report,
16 November-22 November 2022
Managing Editor: Sally Kuhn Sennert
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2022. Report on Copahue (Chile-Argentina). In: Sennert, S K (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 16 November-22 November 2022. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
37.856°S, 71.183°W; summit elev. 2953 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Based on information from Observatorio Argentino de Vigilancia Volcánica (OAVV), SERNAGEOMIN and SEGEMAR reported a minor increase of activity at Copahue. RSAM values based on volcanic tremor began to increase on 13 November. Weather conditions prevented views of the volcano during 13-14 November. On 15 November an increase in the magnitudes of tremor signals was accompanied by increased and denser gas emissions rising 200 m above El Agrio Crater. The emissions, seen in webcam images, were mostly whitish and contained particulate material. The Alert Level remained at Green (the lowest level on a four-color scale) and the public was reminded to stay 500 m away from the crater.
Geological Summary. Volcán Copahue is an elongated composite cone constructed along the Chile-Argentina border within the 6.5 x 8.5 km wide Trapa-Trapa caldera that formed between 0.6 and 0.4 million years ago near the NW margin of the 20 x 15 km Pliocene Caviahue (Del Agrio) caldera. The eastern summit crater, part of a 2-km-long, ENE-WSW line of nine craters, contains a briny, acidic 300-m-wide crater lake (also referred to as El Agrio or Del Agrio) and displays intense fumarolic activity. Acidic hot springs occur below the eastern outlet of the crater lake, contributing to the acidity of the Río Agrio, and another geothermal zone is located within Caviahue caldera about 7 km NE of the summit. Infrequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded since the 18th century. Twentieth-century eruptions from the crater lake have ejected pyroclastic rocks and chilled liquid sulfur fragments.