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Report on Ibu (Indonesia) — 27 March-2 April 2024


Ibu

Smithsonian Institution / US Geological Survey
Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 March-2 April 2024
Managing Editor: Sally Sennert.

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2024. Report on Ibu (Indonesia) (Sennert, S, ed.). Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 27 March-2 April 2024. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.

Weekly Report (27 March-2 April 2024)

Ibu

Indonesia

1.488°N, 127.63°E; summit elev. 1325 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


PVMBG reported that Ibu continued to erupt during 26 March-2 April. White-and-gray ash plumes rose 200-2,800 m above the summit and drifted NE, NW, W, and SW on most days. There was no observatory report issued for 28 March, though the Darwin VAAC reported that an ash plume identified in satellite images rose to 3.7 km (12,000 ft) a.s.l., or 2.3 km above the summit, and drifted W. The Alert Level remained at 2 (the second highest level on a four-level scale), with the public advised to stay outside of the 2 km hazard zone and 3.5 km away from the N area of the active crater.

Geological Summary. The truncated summit of Gunung Ibu stratovolcano along the NW coast of Halmahera Island has large nested summit craters. The inner crater, 1 km wide and 400 m deep, has contained several small crater lakes. The 1.2-km-wide outer crater is breached on the N, creating a steep-walled valley. A large cone grew ENE of the summit, and a smaller one to the WSW has fed a lava flow down the W flank. A group of maars is located below the N and W flanks. The first observed and recorded eruption was a small explosion from the summit crater in 1911. Eruptive activity began again in December 1998, producing a lava dome that eventually covered much of the floor of the inner summit crater along with ongoing explosive ash emissions.

Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM), Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)