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Singkut

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Sunda Volcanic Arc
  • Caldera | Caldera(s)
  • 1881 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Province
  • Landform | Volc Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 3.2379°N
  • 98.5127°E

  • 2181 m
    7156 ft

  • 261070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports available for Singkut.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Singkut.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Singkut.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 confirmed Holocene eruptive periods.

1881 Confirmed Eruption  

Episode 1 | Eruption Episode
1881 - Unknown Evidence from Observations: Reported

List of 2 Events for Episode 1

Start Date End Date Event Type Event Remarks
   - - - -    - - - - Explosion
   - - - -    - - - - Ash
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Singkut.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Singkut.

Photo Gallery

Sibayak and Mt. Pinto are located within the Singkut caldera in NE Sumatra. The slightly higher Pinto partially overtops the 900-m-wide crater of Sibayak to the N. The summit contains a lava dome and an area of hydrothermal alteration visible in this photo. An ash eruption from Sibayak was recorded in 1881, and nearby residents have legends of eruptions.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
A plume rises from a thermal area near the summit of Sibayak volcano within Singkut caldera. Sibayak is seen here from a village in the flat-floored caldera S of the summit.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
The ridge in the background of this photo is part of the wall of a caldera that contains Sibayak and Pinto volcanoes. The lower slope of Sibayak rises at the far right above the caldera floor, which is occupied by villages and agricultural land.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Climbers along a path near the summit of Sibayak volcano. The horizontal forested ridge in the center background, forming part of the southern caldera wall of Singkut, is viewed from an area of hydrothermally altered rock near the summit.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
A 300-m-wide crater near the summit of Sibayak volcano contains a small turquoise-colored crater lake and areas of extensive hydrothermal alteration and sulfur mineralization. Plumes rise above active fumaroles at several locations along the far crater wall.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
A small crater lake near the summit of Sibayak volcano shows active fumaroles and sulfur mineralization. An active fumarole is visible at the upper left. The lake is popular destination for weekend climbers from villages and towns surrounding the volcano.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
A crater containing a small turquoise-colored lake and active sulfur-coated fumaroles on the summit lava dome of Sibayak volcano. The volcano is considered to be the abode of Nini Kertah Ernala ("Grandmother of the Gleaming Sulfur"), the mountain's spirit.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
Gunung Sibayak, seen here from the S, is the southernmost of two volcanoes constructed within the Singkut caldera. Several villages occupy the flat-bottomed caldera floor. Plumes rise from fumaroles on the flank of a lava dome in the summit crater.

Anonymous, 1990.
GVP Map Holdings

Maps are not currently available due to technical issues.

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Singkut in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites