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Indian Heaven

Photo of this volcano
  • United States
  • Canada and Western USA
  • Shield(s)
  • 6250 BCE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 45.93°N
  • 121.82°W

  • 1806 m
    5925 ft

  • 321070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Indian Heaven.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Indian Heaven.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Indian Heaven.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 1 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
6250 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Big Lava Bed
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Indian Heaven.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Indian Heaven.

Photo Gallery

The youngest eruption of the Indian Heaven volcanic field, midway between Mount St. Helens and Mount Adams, produced a large cinder cone and a voluminous lava flow about 8200 years ago. The source of the flow is the cinder cone at the right, with Mt. Hood visible in the background. The Big Lava Bed flow, which forms the smooth slope in the foreground, banked against higher slopes to the north and traveled 13 km south to within 8 km of the Columbia River.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The forested slope in the foreground is part of the Big Lava Bed, a 0.9 cu km lava flow erupted from the cinder cone in the background about 8200 years ago. The lava flow traveled 13 km from the source crater and is the youngest feature of the Indian Heaven volcanic field.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Red Mountain (1513 m), seen here from the NE, is the southernmost of a N-S line of small shield volcanoes capped by pyroclastic cones that form the Pleistocene-to-Holocene Indian Heaven volcanic field in the southern Cascades of Washington. The field covers 600 sq km.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Berry Mountain on the left and Gifford Peak and East Crater on the right are small Pleistocene shield volcanoes capped by pyroclastic cones. They are part of the Pleistocene-to-Holocene Indian Heaven volcanic field in the southern Cascade Range of Washington, which lies between Mount St. Helens and Mount Adams.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Lemei Rock (1813 m), seen from the Forlorn Lakes to the SE, forms the high point of the Indian Heaven volcanic field midway between Mount St. Helens and Mount Adams. The 600 sq km field consists of overlapping small shield volcanoes with pyroclastic cones and lava flows. The field was active from about 730,000 to about 8200 years ago, and contains some volcanic features that originated beneath a glacial icecap.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Lavas of the Big Lava Bed flow, erupted about 8200 years ago from the cinder cone in the background, dammed local drainages, forming Goose Lake. The Big Lava Bed flow is the most recent eruption of the Indian Heaven volcanic field, which lies between Mount St. Helens and Mount Adams.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Eocene to Holocene Volc/ Related Rocks, Cascades
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1989
Series: OFR
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Eocene to Holocene Volc/ Related Rocks, Cascades
Title: Canada, United States
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: United States
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Canada, United States
Title: Map of Mt St Helens & Vicinity, Localities in text
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1987
Series: PP
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Map of Mt St Helens & Vicinity, Localities in text
Title: (1) WA, SW: Geol Map of
Publisher: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources
Country: United States
Year: 1987
Series: Geologic Map
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of (1) WA, SW: Geol Map of
Title: WA-SW, State of
Publisher: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources
Country: United States
Year: 1987
Series: Topo Map
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of WA-SW, State of
Title: Mt St Helens, Geol Map of
Publisher: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources
Country: United States
Year: 1987
Series: OFR
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Mt St Helens, Geol Map of
Title: Mt Adams, Geol Map of
Publisher: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources
Country: United States
Year: 1987
Series: OFR
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Mt Adams, Geol Map of
Title: Hood River, Geol Map of
Publisher: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources
Country: United States
Year: 1987
Series: OFR
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Hood River, Geol Map of
Title: W US /Map of Dist, Comp, Age-Late CZ Volc Centers
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1984
Series: MI
Map Type: Geology (Volcano)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of W US /Map of Dist, Comp, Age-Late CZ Volc Centers
Title: Dist, Thickness, Mass of Tephra from Volcanoes
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1983
Series: MFS
Map Type: Geology (Volcanic Hazard)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Dist, Thickness, Mass of Tephra from Volcanoes
Title: Distribution, Comp, & Age of L Cen Volcan, Cascade Range, NW US
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1983
Series: MI
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Distribution, Comp, & Age of L Cen Volcan, Cascade Range, NW US
Title: Hood River
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1982
Series: 1:100 Scale Metric
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Hood River
Title: Map SHowing Distribution, Composition, and Age of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Centers in Oregon and Washington
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1982
Series: Misc Investigations
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Map SHowing Distribution, Composition, and Age of Late Cenozoic Volcanic Centers in Oregon and Washington
Title: Mt Adams
Publisher: USGS w/ BLM & US Forest Service
Country: United States
Year: 1978
Series: 1:100 Scale Metric
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Mt Adams
Title: Mt St Helens
Publisher: BLM
Country: United States
Year: 1978
Series: Surface Minerals
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Mt St Helens
Title: Volc Rocks & Unconsol Deposits: St Helens <4500 yr
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1978
Series: B
Map Type: Geology (Volcano)
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Volc Rocks & Unconsol Deposits: St Helens <4500 yr
Title: Areas of Potential Hazards from St Helens
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1978
Series: B
Map Type: Geology (Volcanic Hazard)
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Areas of Potential Hazards from St Helens
Title: Geothermal Energy Resources of the Western United States
Publisher: ERDA and USGS
Country: United States
Year: 1977
Map Type: Cultural (Geothermal Resources)
Scale: 1:1,250,000
Map of Geothermal Energy Resources of the Western United States
Title: Hoquiam
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1974
Series: V502
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Hoquiam
Title: Geol Map of OR W of 121st Meridian
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1961
Series: MI
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Geol Map of OR W of 121st Meridian
Title: Geol Map of WA
Publisher: WA Dept of Conservation, Division Mines & Geol
Country: United States
Year: 1961
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Geol Map of WA
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Indian Heaven in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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