Logo link to homepage

Soda Lakes

Photo of this volcano
  • United States
  • Canada and Western USA
  • Maar(s)
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 39.53°N
  • 118.87°W

  • 1251 m
    4104 ft

  • 326010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Soda Lakes.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Soda Lakes.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Soda Lakes.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Soda Lakes. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Soda Lakes page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Soda Lakes.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Soda Lakes.

Photo Gallery

Soda Lake maar in west-central Nevada was erupted through sediments of the glacial Lake Lahontan. It is the larger of two lake-filled maars located NW of the town of Fallon. The basaltic maars were estimated to be less than 10,000 years old and perhaps even less than 1500 years old. Soda Lake is about 1.3 x 2 km wide and is elongated in a NE-SW direction; its rim rises only about 35 m above the lake surface. The maars are the site of a geothermal prospect that may have discharged hot springs through the end of the 19th century.

Photo by Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology.
See title for photo information.
Little Soda Lake, the smaller of two maars NW of the town of Fallon in west-central Nevada, is about 300 m wide. The two maars were formed by eruptions through sediments of glacial Lake Lahontan.

Photo by Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology.
See title for photo information.
Basalt scoria was erupted from the Soda Lake maar in west-central Nevada. The pen points to an olivine phenocryst; the ejecta also contains abundant phenocrysts of plagioclase and less common clinopyroxene, as well as minor grains of magnetite.

Photo by Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology.
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Potential Hazards from Future Volc Eruptions in CA
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1989
Series: B
Map Type: Geology (Volcanic Hazard)
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Potential Hazards from Future Volc Eruptions in CA

Title: Canada, United States
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: United States
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Canada, United States

Title: United States, Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: United States, Mexico
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of United States, Mexico

Title: Faults & Geomorphic Maps of CA/ NV
Publisher: California Dept of Conservation, Division of Mines & Geology
Country: United States
Year: 1985
Series: CA Geol Data Maps
Map Type: Geology (Geomorphology)
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Faults & Geomorphic Maps of CA/ NV

Title: W US /Map of Dist, Comp, Age-Late CZ Volc Centers
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1984
Series: MI
Map Type: Geology (Volcano)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of W US /Map of Dist, Comp, Age-Late CZ Volc Centers

Title: Dist, Thickness, Mass of Tephra from Volcanoes
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1983
Series: MFS
Map Type: Geology (Volcanic Hazard)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Dist, Thickness, Mass of Tephra from Volcanoes

Title: Technical Map of the Geothermal Resources of CA
Publisher: California Dept of Conservation, Division of Mines & Geology
Country: United States
Year: 1983
Series: CA Geol Data Maps
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:750,000
Map of Technical Map of the Geothermal Resources of CA

Title: Geothermal Resources of CA
Publisher: California Dept of Conservation, Division of Mines & Geology
Country: United States
Year: 1980
Series: CA Geol Data Maps
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:750,000
Map of Geothermal Resources of CA

Title: Geothermal Energy Resources of the Western United States
Publisher: ERDA and USGS
Country: United States
Year: 1977
Map Type: Cultural (Geothermal Resources)
Scale: 1:1,250,000
Map of Geothermal Energy Resources of the Western United States

Title: Reno
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: United States
Year: 1971
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Reno

Title: Geologic Map of California
Publisher: CA Division of Mines and Geology
Country: United States
Year: 1944
Series: CA Geol Data Map Series
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:750,000
Map of Geologic Map of California
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Soda Lakes in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites