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Ixhuatán

Photo of this volcano
  • Guatemala
  • México and Central America
  • Complex
  • Pleistocene
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.161°N
  • 90.286°W

  • 1675 m
    5495 ft

  • 342805
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Ixhuatán.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Ixhuatán.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Ixhuatán.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Ixhuatán. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Ixhuatán page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Ixhuatán.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Ixhuatán.

Photo Gallery

The western side of the low-angle, eroded Ixhuatán volcanic complex rises beyond the Río Los Esclavos as seen from the flank of Tecuamburro volcano. The 1718-m-high dominantly andesitic volcano is of Pliocene-Pleistocene age. The youngest center is a dacitic lava-dome complex at Cerro los Achiotes. The domes and associated ashfall and ashflow deposits partially fill and extend from a horseshoe-shaped caldera that is breached to the SE and may have formed as a result of slope failure.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
The eroded Plio-Pleistocene Ixhuatán volcano rises to the NE above the Pacific coastal plain of Guatemala. Ixhuatán has produced dominantly andesitic lava flows and volcaniclastic deposits. NE-SW-trending faults cut the volcanic complex. Pleistocene andesitic ignimbrite deposits from the neighboring Tecuamburro volcanic complex bank up onto the western flanks of Ixhuatán.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
Morning fog drapes the valley of the Río Margarita, with Ixhuatán volcano in the background. The broad summit of Tecuamburro volcano is visible to the west behind Ixhuatán on the horizon left of center. Los Ochiotes complex in the center of Ixhuatán volcano is the youngest part of the volcano and consists of a group of dacitic lava domes that fills a horseshoe-shaped depression open to the SE.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
Four large Pleistocene volcanic complexes are visible in this Landsat image of southern Guatemala, with the Pacific coastal plain at the bottom. Minor activity at Tecuamburro volcano continued into the Holocene at Laguna Ixpaco, the small circular white dot a little more than half-way between the Tecuamburro and Piedra Grande labels. The Río los Esclavos extends from the upper right, cutting between Tecuamburro and Ixhuatán volcanoes.

NASA Landsat image, 2000 (courtesy of Loren Siebert, University of Akron).
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana
Publisher: Recursos Minerales and Institute de Gelogia
Country: Mexico
Year: 1992
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Carta Geolica de la Republica Mexicana

Title: Paso el Jobo
Publisher: IGN
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1986
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Paso el Jobo

Title: Carta Gravimetrica 1984 - 1985 Anomalias Bouguer Simple
Publisher: Instituto Geografico Nacional "Ingeniero Pablo Guzman"
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1986
Map Type: Geophysical (Gravity)
Scale: 1:300,000
Map of Carta Gravimetrica 1984 - 1985 Anomalias Bouguer Simple

Title: Bath of Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sea
Publisher: AAPG, Williams & Heintz Map Corp.
Country: US/ C.Am/ S.Am
Year: 1984
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:3,289
Map of Bath of Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sea

Title: Mapa Oficial de La Republica de El Salvador
Publisher: Instituto Geografico Nacional "Ingeniero Pablo Guzman"
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1984
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Mapa Oficial de La Republica de El Salvador

Title: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: NW C Am (GU ES HO)
Year: 1982
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico

Title: Santa Ana
Publisher: BGR, West Germany
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1978
Series: El Salvador Geology
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Santa Ana

Title: Santa Ana
Publisher: IGN
Country: El Salvador
Year: 1974
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:100,000
Map of Santa Ana
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Ixhuatán in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

External Sites