Report on Dukono (Indonesia) — 30 July-5 August 2003
Smithsonian / US Geological Survey Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 30 July-5 August 2003
Managing Editor: Gari Mayberry
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2003. Report on Dukono (Indonesia). In: Mayberry, G (ed.), Weekly Volcanic Activity Report, 30 July-5 August 2003. Smithsonian Institution and US Geological Survey.
1.693°N, 127.894°E; summit elev. 1229 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
During 9-14 July, ash explosions at Dukono produced ash plumes to heights of 800-900 m above the volcano. Ash fell around the towns of Mamuya and Galela. During 15-23 July ash plumes rose to low levels, with a plume reaching ~1 km above the volcano on 22 July. According to the Darwin VAAC, ash was visible on satellite imagery on 31 July and 2 and 3 August, with the highest cloud reaching ~2 km above the volcano.
Geologic Background. Reports from this remote volcano in northernmost Halmahera are rare, but Dukono has been one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. More-or-less continuous explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, occurred from 1933 until at least the mid-1990s, when routine observations were curtailed. During a major eruption in 1550, a lava flow filled in the strait between Halmahera and the north-flank cone of Gunung Mamuya. This complex volcano presents a broad, low profile with multiple summit peaks and overlapping craters. Malupang Wariang, 1 km SW of the summit crater complex, contains a 700 x 570 m crater that has also been active during historical time.