North Norfolk Plateau

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 25.78°S
  • 168.63°E

  • -2400 m
    -7872 ft

  • 258030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for North Norfolk Plateau.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for North Norfolk Plateau.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for North Norfolk Plateau.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
258030

1964 CE

-2400 m / -7872 ft

25.78°S
168.63°E

Volcano Types

Submarine

Rock Types

Major
No Data (checked)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
0

Geological Summary

A hydrophone signal was detected in 1963 from a submarine eruption near the Norfolk Island Ridge in the SW Pacific about 450 km SSE of New Caledonia. A ship shortly thereafter observed large amounts of floating pumice from an area consistent with the hydrophone signal source. The Norfolk Island Ridge rises at least 1100 m from a typical basin depth of 3500 m in this area. The location listed here is that of the floating pumice observation. Pumice has been also been observed previously at this location (Kibblewhite, 1966).

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Decker R W, 1971. Table of Active Volcanoes of the World. Unpublished 41 page table, compiled primarily from IAVCEI catalogs with revisions by many volcanologists.

Kibblewhite A C, 1966. The acoustic detection and location of an underwater volcano. New Zeal J Sci, 9: 178-199.

Sdrolias M, Dietmar Muller R, Mauffret A, Bernardel G, 2004. Enigmatic formation of the Norfolk Basin, SW Pacific: A plume influence on back-arc extension. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (G3) 5:6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2003GC000643

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1963 Sep 11 1964 Confirmed 0 Hydrophonic Norfolk Island Ridge

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for North Norfolk Plateau.

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for North Norfolk Plateau.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of North Norfolk Plateau Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.