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Report on Kusatsu-Shiranesan (Japan) — May 1990


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 15, no. 5 (May 1990)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Kusatsu-Shiranesan (Japan) Seismicity remains high; high-amplitude tremor continues

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1990. Report on Kusatsu-Shiranesan (Japan) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 15:5. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199005-283120



36.618°N, 138.528°E; summit elev. 2165 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

Seismic activity remained at the highest levels since the 1982-83 eruptive period. The daily number of earthquakes has remained high since increased seismicity began in mid-February (figure 3). The number and amplitude of tremor episodes also remained high with one in January, six in February, two in April, and nine in May. Water discoloration in Yugama crater lake, first noted in February, was usually evident through May (during 13 of 19 visits January-May).

Figure (see Caption) Figure 3. Daily number of recorded earthquakes at Kusatsu-Shirane, 1978-June 1990. Arrows mark eruptions. Courtesy of JMA.

Geological Summary. The Kusatsu-Shiranesan complex, located immediately north of Asama volcano, consists of a series of overlapping pyroclastic cones and three crater lakes. The andesitic-to-dacitic volcano was formed in three eruptive stages beginning in the early to mid-Pleistocene. The Pleistocene Oshi pyroclastic flow produced extensive welded tuffs and non-welded pumice that covers much of the E, S, and SW flanks. The latest eruptive stage began about 14,000 years ago. Historical eruptions have consisted of phreatic explosions from the acidic crater lakes or their margins. Fumaroles and hot springs that dot the flanks have strongly acidified many rivers draining from the volcano. The crater was the site of active sulfur mining for many years during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Information Contacts: JMA