Report on Kama'ehuakanaloa (United States) — July 1993
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 7 (July 1993)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.
Kama'ehuakanaloa (United States) Five hours of seismicity on 11 July
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Kama'ehuakanaloa (United States) (Venzke, E., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:7. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199307-332000
18.92°N, 155.27°W; summit elev. -975 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A flurry of seismicity occurred from Lōʻihi for ~5 hours on the evening of 11 July 1993; only of few events were locatable, the largest was M 2.9. [Originally in Kīlauea report.]
Geological Summary. The Kama’ehuakanaloa seamount, previously known as Loihi, lies about 35 km off the SE coast of the island of Hawaii. This youngest volcano of the Hawaiian chain has an elongated morphology dominated by two curving rift zones extending north and south of the summit. The summit region contains a caldera about 3 x 4 km and exhibits numerous lava cones, the highest of which is about 975 m below the ocean surface. The summit platform also includes two well-defined pit craters, sediment-free glassy lava, and low-temperature hydrothermal venting. An arcuate chain of small cones on the western edge of the summit extends north and south of the pit craters and merges into the crests prominent rift zones. Seismicity indicates a magmatic plumbing system distinct from that of Kilauea. During 1996 a new pit crater was formed at the summit, and lava flows were erupted. Continued volcanism is expected to eventually build a new island; time estimates for the summit to reach the sea surface range from roughly 10,000 to 100,000 years.
Information Contacts: P. Okubo, HVO.