Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) — May 1995
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 20, no. 5 (May 1995)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.
Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) Small plume-like cloud over Kliuchef and very strong sulfur smell
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1995. Report on Atka Volcanic Complex (United States) (Venzke, E., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 20:5. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199505-311160
Atka Volcanic Complex
52.331°N, 174.139°W; summit elev. 1518 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Observers in the village of Atka on Atka Island in the central Aleutians reported a very strong sulfur smell on 1 May, and to a lesser extent on 4 May when they observed a small plume-like cloud over Kliuchef. Fumarolic areas exist on or near both Korovin and Kliuchef volcanoes, N of the village. Korovin was active most recently in 1987, and Kliuchef has had Holocene activity. Satellite images did not reveal any plume-like clouds associated with the island, however, a "hot-spot" possibly of fumarolic areas, was observed. A similar sulfur smell was reported by residents in December 1993, at about the same time they felt rumbling from a M 5.1 earthquake (BGVN 18:11).
Geological Summary. The Atka Volcanic Complex consists of a central shield and Pleistocene caldera with several post-caldera volcanoes. A major dacitic explosive eruption accompanied formation of the caldera about 500,000 to 300,000 years ago. The most prominent of the post-caldera stratovolcanoes are Kliuchef and Sarichef, both of which may have been active in historical time. Sarichef has a symmetrical profile, but the less eroded Kliuchef is the source of most if not all historical eruptions. Kliuchef may have been active on occasion simultaneously with Korovin volcano to the north. Hot springs and fumaroles are located on the flanks of Mount Kliuchef and in a glacial valley SW of Kliuchef. Korovin, at the NE tip of Atka Island, is the most frequently active volcano of the complex, and contains a double summit with two craters. The NW summit has a small crater, but the 1-km-wide crater of the SE cone has an open cylindrical vent of widely variable depth that sometimes contains a crater lake or a high magma column. A fresh-looking cinder cone lies on the flank of the partially dissected Konia volcano, located on the SE flank of the dominantly basaltic Korovin. Some late-stage dacitic lava flows are present on both Korovin and Konia.
Information Contacts: Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), a cooperative program of a) U.S. Geological Survey, 4200 University Drive, Anchorage, AK 99508-4667 USA, b) Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, PO Box 757320, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7320, USA, and c) Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, 794 University Ave., Suite 200, Fairbanks, AK 99709, USA.