Report on Bulusan (Philippines) — January 1980
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 5, no. 1 (January 1980)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Bulusan (Philippines) Brief eruption with 1-km-high ash clouds
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1980. Report on Bulusan (Philippines) (Squires, D., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 5:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198001-273010
12.769°N, 124.056°E; summit elev. 1535 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Bulusan began to erupt at 1301 on 27 December, ejecting significant amounts of ash to about 1 km above the summit. Ash was blown WSW by the prevailing wind. The eruption lasted for 1 hour and 13 minutes, and was accompanied by hissing and rumbling. As of early January, some activity was continuing.
Geological Summary. Luzon's southernmost volcano, Bulusan, was constructed along the rim of the 11-km-diameter dacitic-to-rhyolitic Irosin caldera, which was formed about 36,000 years ago. It lies at the SE end of the Bicol volcanic arc occupying the peninsula of the same name that forms the elongated SE tip of Luzon. A broad, flat moat is located below the topographically prominent SW rim of Irosin caldera; the NE rim is buried by the andesitic complex. Bulusan is flanked by several other large intracaldera lava domes and cones, including the prominent Mount Jormajan lava dome on the SW flank and Sharp Peak to the NE. The summit is unvegetated and contains a 300-m-wide, 50-m-deep crater. Three small craters are located on the SE flank. Many moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded since the mid-19th century.
Information Contacts: O. Peña, COMVOL, Quezon City.