Report on Pagan (United States) — June 1981
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 6 (June 1981)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Pagan (United States) Renewed explosions on 11 June
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1981. Report on Pagan (United States) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 6:6. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198106-284170
18.13°N, 145.8°E; summit elev. 570 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Residents of Alamagan Island, [roughly 60 km] SSE of Pagan, observed mild ash ejection and "fire and smoke" emerging from the volcano around 11 June. No additional activity has been reported.
Geological Summary. Pagan Island, the largest and one of the most active of the Mariana Islands volcanoes, consists of two stratovolcanoes connected by a narrow isthmus. Both North and South Pagan stratovolcanoes were constructed within calderas, 7 and 4 km in diameter, respectively. North Pagan at the NE end of the island rises above the flat floor of the northern caldera, which may have formed less than 1,000 years ago. South Pagan is a stratovolcano with an elongated summit containing four distinct craters. Almost all of the recorded eruptions, which date back to the 17th century, have originated from North Pagan. The largest eruption during historical time took place in 1981 and prompted the evacuation of the sparsely populated island.
Information Contacts: N. Banks, HVO.