Report on St. Helens (United States) — September 1982
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 9 (September 1982)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
St. Helens (United States) Deformation, SO2, and seismicity remain low
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1982. Report on St. Helens (United States) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 7:9. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198209-321050
46.2°N, 122.18°W; summit elev. 2549 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
As of 5 October, no significant deformation of the lava dome or the surrounding crater floor had been observed since the August extrusion episode (SEAN 07:07 and 07:08), although some spreading and subsidence of the new lobe continued. SO2 emission remained very uniform, ranging from 50 to 135 t/d and averaging 95 ± 25 t/d in September. Seismicity remained at background levels through early October.
Geological Summary. Prior to 1980, Mount St. Helens was a conical volcano sometimes known as the Fujisan of America. During the 1980 eruption the upper 400 m of the summit was removed by slope failure, leaving a 2 x 3.5 km breached crater now partially filled by a lava dome. There have been nine major eruptive periods beginning about 40-50,000 years ago, and it has been the most active volcano in the Cascade Range during the Holocene. Prior to 2,200 years ago, tephra, lava domes, and pyroclastic flows were erupted, forming the older edifice, but few lava flows extended beyond the base of the volcano. The modern edifice consists of basaltic as well as andesitic and dacitic products from summit and flank vents. Eruptions in the 19th century originated from the Goat Rocks area on the N flank, and were witnessed by early settlers.
Information Contacts: T. Casadevall, D. Swanson, USGS CVO, Vancouver, WA; C. Boyko, University of Washington.