Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-00070
Vulcanian eruptions derive their name from the typical eruptive style of Vulcano, in Italy's Aeolian Islands. Vulcanian eruptions consist of phreatomagmatic explosions, which eject dark, ash-laden, cauliflower-shaped eruption columns. After the vent is cleared by the explosions, lava flows may issue from the crater or fissures on its flank. This photo, looking to the south, shows a vulcanian eruption in 1888 from Fossa cone on the island of Vulcano.
From the collection of Maurice and Katia Krafft.
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