Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-00677
Merapi, one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, towers above the major regional cultural and religious center of Yogyakarta in central Java. The prominent SW side breach seen here funnels rockfalls, pyroclastic flows, and mudflows associated with long-term growth of summit lava domes onto populated agricultural lands beneath the volcano. Merapi eruptions have frequently produced major devastation during historical time.
Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1976.