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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-01668

Vulcan, seen here from the SE, was the source of the largest eruptions at Rabaul in 1994. Vulcan began erupting on 19 September from a N-flank vent. Activity intensified rapidly, producing a large eruption column that reached an altitude of 20 km. Pyroclastic flows traveled radially down the flanks of the cone as far as 3 km and resulted in darkness in Rabaul city. The eruption originated from a N-S-trending fissure, seen here at the right. The scarp in the foreground was produced by a 5-m uplift the day before the eruption. Photo by Elliot Endo, 1994 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Vulcan, seen here from the SE, was the source of the largest eruptions at Rabaul in 1994. Vulcan began erupting on 19 September from a N-flank vent. Activity intensified rapidly, producing a large eruption column that reached an altitude of 20 km. Pyroclastic flows traveled radially down the flanks of the cone as far as 3 km and resulted in darkness in Rabaul city. The eruption originated from a N-S-trending fissure, seen here at the right. The scarp in the foreground was produced by a 5-m uplift the day before the eruption.

Photo by Elliot Endo, 1994 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Keywords: crater | deposits | tephra | erosion | cone


Rabaul