Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-04794
Symmetrical Volcán Parinacota rises north of Lake Chungará in the foreground. The lake was formed when collapse of an ancestral Parinacota edifice about 8000 years ago produced a massive 5-6 cu km debris avalanche that dammed a preexisting river. Subsequent eruptions of andesitic aa lava flows and andesitic pumice and scoria flows constructed the modern conical edifice, obscuring the avalanche source scarp. The summit of Parinacota volcano contains a pristine, 300-m-wide crater.
Photo by John Davidson, University of Michigan (courtesy of Hugo Moreno, University of Chile).
This image is made available under the Creative Commons BY-NC 4.0 license terms.