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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-05179

The steep-walled Viti crater in the foreground was formed during an eruption of Askja that began on January 1, 1875.  A powerful plinian phase beginning on March 28 was preceded by caldera collapse that continued slowly for several years.  Viti ("Hell") crater, now filled by a small lake, was created by phreatic eruptions that followed the plinian explosions. Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1974.

The steep-walled Viti crater in the foreground was formed during an eruption of Askja that began on January 1, 1875. A powerful plinian phase beginning on March 28 was preceded by caldera collapse that continued slowly for several years. Viti ("Hell") crater, now filled by a small lake, was created by phreatic eruptions that followed the plinian explosions.

Copyrighted photo by Katia and Maurice Krafft, 1974.


Askja