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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-06040

On 13 September 1984 groundwater gained access to the eruptive fissure at Krafla, producing these clouds of steam and ash. The two-week eruption, which began on 4 September 1984, was dominantly effusive, and produced 0.12 km3 of lava flows from an 8.5-km-long fissure. Photo by Michael Ryan, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).

On 13 September 1984 groundwater gained access to the eruptive fissure at Krafla, producing these clouds of steam and ash. The two-week eruption, which began on 4 September 1984, was dominantly effusive, and produced 0.12 km3 of lava flows from an 8.5-km-long fissure.

Photo by Michael Ryan, 1984 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Keywords: ash plume | ash | plume | eruption | explosive eruption | steam | lava water interaction | fissure


Krafla