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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-06166

Mount Erebus, the world's southernmost historically active volcano, is viewed here from the SW, near the McMurdo research station on Ross Island.  The 3794-m-high Erebus is capped by an elliptical 500 x 600 m wide, 110-m-deep summit crater that contains an active lava lake.  The glacier-covered volcano was erupting when first sighted by Captain James Ross in 1841.  Continuous lava-lake activity has been documented since 1972, punctuated by occasional strombolian explosions that eject bombs onto the crater rim. Photo by Richard Waitt, 1972 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Mount Erebus, the world's southernmost historically active volcano, is viewed here from the SW, near the McMurdo research station on Ross Island. The 3794-m-high Erebus is capped by an elliptical 500 x 600 m wide, 110-m-deep summit crater that contains an active lava lake. The glacier-covered volcano was erupting when first sighted by Captain James Ross in 1841. Continuous lava-lake activity has been documented since 1972, punctuated by occasional strombolian explosions that eject bombs onto the crater rim.

Photo by Richard Waitt, 1972 (U.S. Geological Survey).


Erebus