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Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-06437

A lava dome erupted in 1931 that occupied the crater floor of Awu volcano is seen here prior to an eruption in 1966 that destroyed the dome.  The dome first rose above the surface of the crater lake in April 1931, following the rise of the crater lake water level and temperature beginning in December 1930.  The lava dome reached a height of 80 m by the end of the year.  The explosive destruction of the lava dome during the 1966 eruption produced a rain of lithic fragments that injured more than 1000 people. Photo published in Kusumadinata, 1979 (

A lava dome erupted in 1931 that occupied the crater floor of Awu volcano is seen here prior to an eruption in 1966 that destroyed the dome. The dome first rose above the surface of the crater lake in April 1931, following the rise of the crater lake water level and temperature beginning in December 1930. The lava dome reached a height of 80 m by the end of the year. The explosive destruction of the lava dome during the 1966 eruption produced a rain of lithic fragments that injured more than 1000 people.

Photo published in Kusumadinata, 1979 ("Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia").


Awu