Global Volcanism Program | Image GVP-07955
Following the eruption of the Tepic Pumice and the formation of an elongated caldera at the summit of San Juan volcano, a lava dome was constructed within the caldera. The dome forms the rounded forested area in front of the western caldera rim, which marks the horizon. The caldera is 4 km wide in the E-W direction of this photo and 1 km wide in a N-S direction. Andesitic lava flows (left center) erupted from the dome and flowed across the caldera floor to its eastern side.
Photo by Jim Luhr, 1979 (Smithsonian Institution).