Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea) — October 1990
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 15, no. 10 (October 1990)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Langila (Papua New Guinea) Occasional ash emission; explosion sounds; glow
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1990. Report on Langila (Papua New Guinea) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 15:10. Smithsonian Institution.
Papua New Guinea
5.525°S, 148.42°E; summit elev. 1330 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Activity returned to a low level in October . . . . Emissions from Crater 3 consisted mainly of occasional weak to moderate, white and grey, ash and vapour clouds. Deep, low, explosion and rumbling noises were heard on 6 and 7 October, respectively. Weak steady glow was observed on the 6th and the 9th. Activity at Crater 3 was somewhat subdued during the last week of October. Crater 2 released weak and occasionally moderate white and at times blue vapour throughout the month. Deep weak rumbling noises were heard between 16 and 28 October and steady weak glow was seen throughout the month."
Geological Summary. Langila, one of the most active volcanoes of New Britain, consists of a group of four small overlapping composite basaltic-andesitic cones on the lower E flank of the extinct Talawe volcano in the Cape Gloucester area of NW New Britain. A rectangular, 2.5-km-long crater is breached widely to the SE; Langila was constructed NE of the breached crater of Talawe. An extensive lava field reaches the coast on the N and NE sides of Langila. Frequent mild-to-moderate explosive eruptions, sometimes accompanied by lava flows, have been recorded since the 19th century from three active craters at the summit. The youngest and smallest crater (no. 3 crater) was formed in 1960 and has a diameter of 150 m.
Information Contacts: C. McKee and I. Itikarai, RVO.