Report on Concepcion (Nicaragua) — February 1991
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 16, no. 2 (February 1991)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Concepcion (Nicaragua) Weak gas emission but fumaroles obscured by clouds
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1991. Report on Concepcion (Nicaragua) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 16:2. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199102-344120.
11.538°N, 85.622°W; summit elev. 1700 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
"Ascents of the volcano in February 1990 revealed very low levels of gas emission. The gas escaping at crater level had a very weak sulfur smell. The exact location of the fumaroles in the crater is not known because cloud cover is nearly constant. Observations of the crater during the year from the base of the volcano did not detect any change. Loud noises were reported occasionally by local inhabitants. The most likely explanation for them is large rockfalls in the SW gully (300 m deep)."
Geologic Background. Volcán Concepción is one of Nicaragua's highest and most active volcanoes. The symmetrical basaltic-to-dacitic stratovolcano forms the NW half of the dumbbell-shaped island of Ometepe in Lake Nicaragua and is connected to neighboring Madera volcano by a narrow isthmus. A steep-walled summit crater is 250 m deep and has a higher western rim. N-S-trending fractures on the flanks have produced chains of spatter cones, cinder cones, lava domes, and maars located on the NW, NE, SE, and southern sides extending in some cases down to Lake Nicaragua. Concepción was constructed above a basement of lake sediments, and the modern cone grew above a largely buried caldera, a small remnant of which forms a break in slope about halfway up the N flank. Frequent explosive eruptions during the past half century have increased the height of the summit significantly above that shown on current topographic maps and have kept the upper part of the volcano unvegetated.
Information Contacts: B. van Wyk de Vries, O. Castellón, A. Murales, and V. Tenorio, INETER.