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Report on Kozushima (Japan) — April 1991


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 16, no. 4 (April 1991)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Kozushima (Japan) Earthquake swarm but no surface activity

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1991. Report on Kozushima (Japan) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 16:4. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199104-284030



34.219°N, 139.153°E; summit elev. 572 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

An earthquake swarm (M <= 4.0) occurred from 2100 to 2400 on 23 April, with seismicity gradually returning to normal levels by the following day. Many of the earthquakes were felt by residents (to JMA intensity IV). Swarm events were centered from the W coast to 20 km SW of the island (figure 1), at 0-10 km depth. No surface activity was reported.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 1. Epicenter map (top) and space/time diagram (bottom) showing seismicity around Kozu-shima and Nii-jima volcanoes, January 1991-June 1992. Courtesy of JMA.

Geological Summary. A cluster of rhyolitic lava domes and associated pyroclastic deposits form the 4 x 6 km island of Kozushima in the northern Izu Islands. The island is the exposed summit of a larger submarine edifice more than 20 km long that lies along the Zenisu Ridge, one of several en-echelon ridges oriented NE-SW, transverse to the trend of the northern Izu arc. The youngest and largest of the 18 lava domes, Tenjosan, occupies the central portion of the island. Most of the older domes, some of which are Holocene in age, flank Tenjosan to the north, although late-Pleistocene domes are also found at the southern end of the island. A lava flow may have reached the sea during an eruption in 832 CE. The Tenjosan dome was formed during a major eruption in 838 CE that also produced pyroclastic flows and surges. Earthquake swarms took place during the 20th century.

Information Contacts: JMA.