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Report on Kozushima (Japan) — October 1992


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 10 (October 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Kozushima (Japan) Earthquake swarm but no surface changes evident

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Kozushima (Japan) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:10. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199210-284030



34.219°N, 139.153°E; summit elev. 572 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

A swarm of earthquakes occurred midway between [Nii-jima and Kozu-shima] islands 17-20 October. The largest earthquake was M 5.1, at 2237 on 17 October. No ocean-surface anomalies were observed.

Geological Summary. A cluster of rhyolitic lava domes and associated pyroclastic deposits form the 4 x 6 km island of Kozushima in the northern Izu Islands. The island is the exposed summit of a larger submarine edifice more than 20 km long that lies along the Zenisu Ridge, one of several en-echelon ridges oriented NE-SW, transverse to the trend of the northern Izu arc. The youngest and largest of the 18 lava domes, Tenjosan, occupies the central portion of the island. Most of the older domes, some of which are Holocene in age, flank Tenjosan to the north, although late-Pleistocene domes are also found at the southern end of the island. A lava flow may have reached the sea during an eruption in 832 CE. The Tenjosan dome was formed during a major eruption in 838 CE that also produced pyroclastic flows and surges. Earthquake swarms took place during the 20th century.

Information Contacts: JMA.