Report on Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] (Japan - administered by Russia) — December 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 12 (December 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] (Japan - administered by Russia) Additional details about 1989 eruption
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group] (Japan - administered by Russia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:12. Smithsonian Institution.
Etorofu-Yakeyama [Grozny Group]
Japan - administered by Russia
45.012°N, 147.871°E; summit elev. 1158 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The following description of the 1989 eruption includes information supplementing 14:5 and 14:12. The eruption began on 3 May, as gas emission became more intense in the trench at the central dome's summit and on the dome's NE flank. Ash rose to ~1.5 km above the summit on 8 May. Weaker ash eruptions took place 9-13 May, and lahars were triggered by intense snowmelt. The E lahar moved >600 m down the dome, spreading at its base to form a lithic-rich deposit ~200 m across. Other lahars, no wider than 3-5 m, flowed N toward Lake Lopastnoye (figure 3), destroying dense stands of bamboo; one lahar entered the lake. After the May eruption, gas emission was concentrated in the summit fissure, and gas was no longer emerging from fissures on the dome's NE flank.
Small ash eruptions occurred again on 19 May and during the first 10 days of August. After the August activity, a new zone of fumaroles was observed on the NE part of the dome, 40-50 m below the fissure's N edge. Fissures 2-3 m wide and funnel-shaped vents 4-5 m in diameter that had ejected ash had formed on the NE part of the dome. S and Cl-rich water vapor was emitted vigorously from the new vents and fissures. Gas emission had nearly stopped from the E end of the summit fissure, where its floor was flat and covered with cooled ash. No juvenile material was found in the 1989 tephra.
Geologic Background. The Etorofu-Yakeyama (Ivan Grozny) complex is located in the center of Iturup Island. It has a 3-3.5 km diameter caldera open to the south, where a large extrusive andesitic dome was emplaced. Several other lava domes of Holocene age were constructed to the NE; extrusion of these domes has constricted a former lake in the northern side of the caldera to an extremely sinuous shoreline. Historical eruptions, the first of which took place in 1968, have been from the central Yakeyama (Grozny) dome.
Information Contacts: G. Steinberg, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.