Report on Spurr (United States) — December 1992
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 17, no. 12 (December 1992)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Spurr (United States) Continued seismicity
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1992. Report on Spurr (United States) (McClelland, L., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 17:12. Smithsonian Institution.
61.299°N, 152.251°W; summit elev. 3374 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
No eruptive episodes have occurred at Spurr since 16-17 September (BGVN 17:08). Seismicity continued through early January beneath the S flank's Crater Peak, source of the 1992 eruptions.
A series of earthquakes was recorded during the night of 14 December, and a fresh landslide scar was seen on the NW side of the crater the next day. Two hours of tremor on 17 December may have been related to rockfall activity. A swarm of small earthquakes at 8-12 km depth 21-26 December was followed by a pair of hour-long shallow tremor-like episodes on 27 December. Activity then declined, but two more periods of low-amplitude tremor, each lasting more than an hour, were recorded by a station on the rim of Crater Peak on 30 December. Shallow seismic activity remained above background in mid-January.
Geologic Background. The summit of Mount Spurr, the highest volcano of the Aleutian arc, is a large lava dome constructed at the center of a roughly 5-km-wide horseshoe-shaped caldera open to the south. The volcano lies 130 km W of Anchorage and NE of Chakachamna Lake. The caldera was formed by a late-Pleistocene or early Holocene debris avalanche and associated pyroclastic flows that destroyed an ancestral edifice. The debris avalanche traveled more than 25 km SE, and the resulting deposit contains blocks as large as 100 m in diameter. Several ice-carved post-caldera cones or lava domes lie in the center of the caldera. The youngest vent, Crater Peak, formed at the breached southern end of the caldera and has been the source of about 40 identified Holocene tephra layers. Eruptions from Crater Peak in 1953 and 1992 deposited ash on the city of Anchorage.
Information Contacts: AVO.