Report on Anatahan (United States) — August 1993
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 8 (August 1993)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.
Anatahan (United States) Seismicity decreases
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Anatahan (United States) (Venzke, E., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199308-284200
16.35°N, 145.67°E; summit elev. 790 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Seismicity was continuing in early August, although there were no reports of felt earthquakes. Seismicity then decreased in late August and remained low as of early September. Observations in early September revealed no morphological changes at the volcano. The island was evacuated in March-April 1990 following a shallow earthquake swarm and has remained uninhabited.
Geological Summary. The elongate, 9-km-long island of Anatahan in the central Mariana Islands consists of a large stratovolcano with a 2.3 x 5 km compound summit caldera. The larger western portion of the caldera is 2.3 x 3 km wide, and its western rim forms the island's high point. Ponded lava flows overlain by pyroclastic deposits fill the floor of the western caldera, whose SW side is cut by a fresh-looking smaller crater. The 2-km-wide eastern portion of the caldera contained a steep-walled inner crater whose floor prior to the 2003 eruption was only 68 m above sea level. A submarine cone, named NE Anatahan, rises to within 460 m of the sea surface on the NE flank, and numerous other submarine vents are found on the NE-to-SE flanks. Sparseness of vegetation on the most recent lava flows had indicated that they were of Holocene age, but the first historical eruption did not occur until May 2003, when a large explosive eruption took place forming a new crater inside the eastern caldera.
Information Contacts: D. Shackelford, Fullerton, CA; R. Chong, Disaster Control Office, Saipan.