Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — October 1993
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 10 (October 1993)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke.
Poas (Costa Rica) Seismicity increases in late October
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Poas (Costa Rica) (Venzke, E., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:10. Smithsonian Institution.
10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2708 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The number of low-frequency earthquakes at Poás suddenly increased in October, reaching 6,821 events (an average of ~220 events/day), the maximum recorded in any month this year, and up from the ~3,600-4,000 events seen in the previous 4 months. The daily record of seismicity at Poás showed a clear increase in the number of events toward the end of the month.
The 200-m-diameter crater lake at Poás exhibited ongoing fumarolic activity similar to previous months, but the level of audible noise produced by the fumaroles declined. For October, investigators described the lake color as pale green to turquoise-green. During the previous two months the lake surface rose tens of centimeters.
Geologic Background. The broad, well-vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano, which is one of Costa Rica's most prominent natural landmarks, are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the 2708-m-high complex stratovolcano extends to the lower northern flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, is cold and clear and last erupted about 7500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since the first historical eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.
Information Contacts: E. Fernández, J. Barquero, R. Van der Laat, F. de Obaldia, T. Marino, V. Barboza, and R. Sáenz, OVSICORI; G. Soto, ICE.