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Report on Bezymianny (Russia) — November 1993


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 18, no. 11 (November 1993)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.

Bezymianny (Russia) Still restless after strong October eruption, but tremor declines

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1993. Report on Bezymianny (Russia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 18:11. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199311-300250



55.972°N, 160.595°E; summit elev. 2882 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

. . . more subdued eruptive activity followed during November through mid-December. On 15 November, the town of Kliuchi, ~50 km NNE of Bezymianny, received weak ashfall. On 18 November, a steam-and-gas plume containing a small amount of ash rose 3-4 km above Bezymianny's crater rim. The plume extended toward the N and E for more than 60 km. During the last week of November, weak tremor shook for 3-8 hours/day, dropping to 2-3 hours/day during the first week of December. By mid-December, the tremor level fell to about background levels.

The KVERT characterizes Kamchatkan volcanoes with a Level of Concern Color Code. The Code was last reported on 4 December as Yellow, indicating the volcano is restless.

Geological Summary. The modern Bezymianny, much smaller than its massive neighbors Kamen and Kliuchevskoi on the Kamchatka Peninsula, was formed about 4,700 years ago over a late-Pleistocene lava-dome complex and an edifice built about 11,000-7,000 years ago. Three periods of intensified activity have occurred during the past 3,000 years. The latest period, which was preceded by a 1,000-year quiescence, began with the dramatic 1955-56 eruption. This eruption, similar to that of St. Helens in 1980, produced a large open crater that was formed by collapse of the summit and an associated lateral blast. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater.

Information Contacts: V. Kirianov, IVGG.