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Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — January 1994


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 19, no. 1 (January 1994)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.

Poas (Costa Rica) Seismicity drops, no deformation

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1994. Report on Poas (Costa Rica) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 19:1. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199401-345040


Costa Rica

10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2697 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

During January the 200-m-diameter, northerly crater lake continued to emit steam in a column <100 m tall. The lake level descended 50 cm compared to December 1993; it still remained pale-green to turquoise-green with suspended clouds of sulfur, and in the NW part of the lake, it contained isolated subaqueous fumaroles. OVSICORI reported lake temperature as 60°C, down slightly from the 64°C they measured in September. ICE reported that in January fumarole temperatures on the dome reached up to 81°C.

The number of earthquakes dropped about 20-30% in December and January compared to October and November (figure 47). For the interval January 1993 through January 1994, insignificant tilt and deformation took place, although a slow deflation was noted over the course of 1993.

Figure (see Caption) Figure 47. Seismic events at Poás received at station POA2, 2.7 km SW of the active crater, January 1993-January 1994. Courtesy of OVSICORI.

Geological Summary. The broad vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the complex stratovolcano extends to the lower N flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, last erupted about 7,500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since an eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.

Information Contacts: E. Fernández, J. Barquero, R. Van der Laat, F. de Obaldia, T. Marino, V. Barboza, and R. Sáenz, OVSICORI; G. Soto, G. Alvarado, and F. Arias, ICE; H. Flores, UCR.