Report on Bezymianny (Russia) — August 1994
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 19, no. 8 (August 1994)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Bezymianny (Russia) Gas-and-steam plume seen for the first time since February 1994
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1994. Report on Bezymianny (Russia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 19:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199408-300250
55.972°N, 160.595°E; summit elev. 2882 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Seismicity remained at background levels from mid-July through early September. However, during 7-14 July, a gas-and-steam plume with a small amount of ash was observed rising ~500 m above the extrusive dome. On 11 July the ash-and-steam plume rose to ~3,000 m asl and drifted generally NE. The gas-and-steam plume extended 150 m above dome through 24 July. During the week of 11-18 August a gas-and-steam plume rose ~200 m above the volcano. A small gas-and-steam plume (to 50-70 m above the volcano) continued during the last 2 weeks of August. On 2-8 September, E. Zhdanova (KVERT) observed a viscous lava flow being "squeezed" from the extrusive dome. A gas-and-ash plume reached 1 km above the volcano and extended >40 km from the volcano. The volcano was obscured by clouds during the next week.
Geological Summary. The modern Bezymianny, much smaller than its massive neighbors Kamen and Kliuchevskoi on the Kamchatka Peninsula, was formed about 4,700 years ago over a late-Pleistocene lava-dome complex and an ancestral edifice built about 11,000-7,000 years ago. Three periods of intensified activity have occurred during the past 3,000 years. The latest period, which was preceded by a 1,000-year quiescence, began with the dramatic 1955-56 eruption. This eruption, similar to that of St. Helens in 1980, produced a large open crater that was formed by collapse of the summit and an associated lateral blast. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater.
Information Contacts: V. Kirianov, IVGG.