Report on Sheveluch (Russia) — October 1994
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 19, no. 10 (October 1994)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Sheveluch (Russia) Persistent steam plume and variable seismicity
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1994. Report on Sheveluch (Russia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 19:10. Smithsonian Institution.
56.653°N, 161.36°E; summit elev. 3283 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Seismicity remained at normal levels (1-4 events/day) through the second half of September and early October. A gas-and-steam plume rose ~800 m above the extrusive dome during 18-24 September. Starting on 4 October, daily seismicity rose to 9 events, followed by 21 events the next day and 14 events on 6 October. By 9 October the gas-and-steam plume was rising up to 1,000 m above the crater rim and was directed NE for ~1 km. Seismicity at or near the active dome remained above normal (5-15 events/day), and weak tremor was recorded for ~30 minutes/day during 8-26 October. A gas-and-steam plume rising 1,000-2,500 m above the crater was observed from Kliuchi (8 km S) on 8-15 October. The plume rose 400 m above the crater on the 23rd and 200 m on the 27th; the volcano was obscured by clouds the remainder of the time through 3 November. Seismic activity in late October-early November remained above normal levels, with 7-19 events/day occurring at or near the active dome, and weak volcanic tremor lasting for 24-84 minutes/day.
Geological Summary. The high, isolated massif of Sheveluch volcano (also spelled Shiveluch) rises above the lowlands NNE of the Kliuchevskaya volcano group. The 1300 km3 volcano is one of Kamchatka's largest and most active volcanic structures. The summit of roughly 65,000-year-old Stary Shiveluch is truncated by a broad 9-km-wide late-Pleistocene caldera breached to the south. Many lava domes dot its outer flanks. The Molodoy Shiveluch lava dome complex was constructed during the Holocene within the large horseshoe-shaped caldera; Holocene lava dome extrusion also took place on the flanks of Stary Shiveluch. At least 60 large eruptions have occurred during the Holocene, making it the most vigorous andesitic volcano of the Kuril-Kamchatka arc. Widespread tephra layers from these eruptions have provided valuable time markers for dating volcanic events in Kamchatka. Frequent collapses of dome complexes, most recently in 1964, have produced debris avalanches whose deposits cover much of the floor of the breached caldera.
Information Contacts: V. Kirianov, IVGG; AVO.