Report on Iwatesan (Japan) — July 1996
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 21, no. 7 (July 1996)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Iwatesan (Japan) Volcanic tremor
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1996. Report on Iwatesan (Japan). In: Wunderman, R. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 21:7. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199607-283240.
39.853°N, 141.001°E; summit elev. 2038 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
On 10, 11, 12, and 17 June, small-amplitude volcanic tremors were detected. According to reports from the Observation Center for Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions, Tohoku University, there were also shallow volcanic microearthquakes beneath Iwate on 7 and 27 June, and on 2 and 6 July. Tremor was previously reported on 4 March and 12 May 1996 (BGVN 21:03 and 21:05), and in September and October 1995 (BGVN 20:09 and 20:10).
Geologic Background. Viewed from the east, Iwatesan volcano has a symmetrical profile that invites comparison with Fuji, but on the west an older cone is visible containing an oval-shaped, 1.8 x 3 km caldera. After the growth of Nishi-Iwate volcano beginning about 700,000 years ago, activity migrated eastward to form Higashi-Iwate volcano. Iwate has collapsed seven times during the past 230,000 years, most recently between 739 and 1615 CE. The dominantly basaltic summit cone of Higashi-Iwate volcano, Yakushidake, is truncated by a 500-m-wide crater. It rises well above and buries the eastern rim of the caldera, which is breached by a narrow gorge on the NW. A central cone containing a 500-m-wide crater partially filled by a lake is located in the center of the oval-shaped caldera. A young lava flow from Yakushidake descended into the caldera, and a fresh-looking lava flow from the 1732 eruption traveled down the NE flank.
Information Contacts: Volcanological Division, Japan Meteorological Agency, 1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan