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Report on Cameroon (Cameroon) — February 1997


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 22, no. 2 (February 1997)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.

Cameroon (Cameroon) Summary of 1996 seismic activity

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1997. Report on Cameroon (Cameroon) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 22:2. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199702-224010



4.203°N, 9.17°E; summit elev. 4095 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

During 1996, the average rate of seismicity was 15 events/month, with the exception of January 1996, when a small outburst of 21 events was recorded. Magnitudes were always under 3. Many seismic stations of the local network are out of order and in need of repair, so there is the possibility that other data were lost. However, no event was strong enough to be felt by the population.

Geological Summary. Mount Cameroon, one of Africa's largest volcanoes, rises above the coast of west Cameroon. The massive steep-sided volcano of dominantly basaltic-to-trachybasaltic composition forms a volcanic horst constructed above a basement of Precambrian metamorphic rocks covered with Cretaceous to Quaternary sediments. More than 100 small cinder cones, often fissure-controlled parallel to the long axis of the 1400 km3 edifice, occur on the flanks and surrounding lowlands. A large satellitic peak, Etinde (also known as Little Cameroon), is located on the S flank near the coast. Historical activity was first observed in the 5th century BCE by the Carthaginian navigator Hannon. During historical time, moderate explosive and effusive eruptions have occurred from both summit and flank vents. A 1922 SW-flank eruption produced a lava flow that reached the Atlantic coast, and a lava flow from a 1999 south-flank eruption stopped only 200 m from the sea. Explosive activity from two vents on the upper SE flank was reported in May 2000.

Information Contacts: Ateba Bekoa and Ntepe Nfomou, IRGM/ARGV, P.O. Box 370, Buea, Cameroon; G.E. Ekodek and J.M. Nnange, IRGM, P.O. Box 4110, Yaounde, Cameroon; J.D. Fairhead, Dept. of Earth Sciences, The University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom.