Report on Okmok (United States) — April 1997
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 22, no. 4 (April 1997)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Okmok (United States) Activity waning by month's end
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1997. Report on Okmok (United States) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 22:4. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199704-311290.
53.43°N, 168.13°W; summit elev. 1073 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The activity that began on 13 February continued through the first half of May, but appeared to be waning by month's end. Prior to 9 May, hot lava flows were observed within the caldera. Also, satellite imagery revealed thin low-level ash plumes. Activity was continuing at a relatively low level on 16 May. By 23 May, satellite images contained no signs of activity or hotspots. Okmok is not monitored seismically.
Geologic Background. The broad, basaltic Okmok shield volcano, which forms the NE end of Umnak Island, has a dramatically different profile than most other Aleutian volcanoes. The summit of the low, 35-km-wide volcano is cut by two overlapping 10-km-wide calderas formed during eruptions about 12,000 and 2050 years ago that produced dacitic pyroclastic flows that reached the coast. More than 60 tephra layers from Okmok have been found overlying the 12,000-year-old caldera-forming tephra layer. Numerous satellitic cones and lava domes dot the flanks of the volcano down to the coast, including 1253-m Mount Tulik on the SE flank, which is almost 200 m higher than the caldera rim. Some of the post-caldera cones show evidence of wave-cut lake terraces; the more recent cones, some of which have been active historically, were formed after the caldera lake, once 150 m deep, disappeared. Hot springs and fumaroles are found within the caldera. Historical eruptions have occurred since 1805 from cinder cones within the caldera.
Information Contacts: Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO).