Report on Bezymianny (Russia) — May 1998
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 23, no. 5 (May 1998)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Bezymianny (Russia) Slowly growing hot spot seen on satellite image
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1998. Report on Bezymianny (Russia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 23:5. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199805-300250.
55.972°N, 160.595°E; summit elev. 2882 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
During 28-30 May, a fumarolic plume was seen rising to 50-300 m above the volcano and moving 5 km E. Visual observations made on 28 May indicated color changes in the fumarolic plume suggesting an increase in gas emission.
Satellite images of Bezymianny made during 1-10 June, when not obscured by clouds, indicated a persistent and slowly growing hot-spot more than 5 km2 in size. This thermal anomaly persisted until late June. It was similar to that observed shortly before the 5 December 1997 eruption (BGVN 22:11), which sent a short-lived eruption plume to over 9 km above sea level. It likely indicates that the summit lava dome is growing again and may be subject to a sudden partial collapse similar to the 5 December event. KVERT changed the level of concern color code to yellow-alert and will monitor the situation closely.
Seismicity during 1-10 June was at background levels. No seismicity was reported during the next three weeks. Fumarolic plumes were seen rising 100 to 800 m and moving up to 10 km to the SE and S during 9-11, 17, and 19-21 June.
Geologic Background. Prior to its noted 1955-56 eruption, Bezymianny had been considered extinct. The modern volcano, much smaller in size than its massive neighbors Kamen and Kliuchevskoi, was formed about 4700 years ago over a late-Pleistocene lava-dome complex and an ancestral edifice built about 11,000-7000 years ago. Three periods of intensified activity have occurred during the past 3000 years. The latest period, which was preceded by a 1000-year quiescence, began with the dramatic 1955-56 eruption. This eruption, similar to that of St. Helens in 1980, produced a large horseshoe-shaped crater that was formed by collapse of the summit and an associated lateral blast. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater.
Information Contacts: Olga Chubarova and Vladimir Kirianov, Kamchatka Volcanic Eruptions Response Team (KVERT), Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Piip Ave. 9, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 683006, Russia; Tom Miller, Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), a cooperative program of a) U.S. Geological Survey, 4200 University Drive, Anchorage, AK 99508-4667, USA (URL: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/), b) Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, PO Box 757320, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7320, USA, and c) Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, 794 University Ave., Suite 200, Fairbanks, AK 99709, USA.