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Report on Lewotobi (Indonesia) — May 1999


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 24, no. 5 (May 1999)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.

Lewotobi (Indonesia) March-May ash eruptions

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1999. Report on Lewotobi (Indonesia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 24:5. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199905-264180



8.542°S, 122.775°E; summit elev. 1703 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

The current phase of activity at Lewotobi Lakilaki began at 0547 on 21 March, when observers noted a vigorous steam plume rising 250 m above the summit. This was noteworthy because when the volcano is in a non-active phase its steam plume rises no higher than ~25 m. On 30 March a rumbling noise was heard and the volcano's status was raised to Level II, or "Alert." The following day observers twice noted ash plumes ~250 m high accompanied by a rumbling noise. On 1 April observers saw such plumes at three different times.

From 27 April to 3 May the ash eruption continued. The observed ash was whitish-gray, of weak to moderate pressure, and extending 300 m above the summit. Eruption events were sometimes accompanied by detonations. On 29 April, glowing material was ejected 50-75 m above the crater and it fell over an area with 50 m radius. Thin ash fell over the Boru area the following day at 1600. The seismic record totals for the week showed four volcanic type-B, nine tectonic, four eruption, and nine emission events.

Ash eruptions reached heights of 500 m during 4-10 May and were sometimes accompanied by strong detonations. On 7 and 9 May glowing materials were again ejected to 50-75 m heights, falling within a 50 m radius. On 7 May ash fell around the areas of Boru, Riang Boru, Hokeng, and Wolorona. Deposits were ~1 mm thick. Seismic events for the week decreased, with three eruptive and five emission events. From 11 through 17 May ash eruptions continued to reach heights of 500 m and were sometimes accompanied by strong detonations. During the week of 18-24 May emission heights decreased to 300 m and blast sounds became less frequent. Thin ash fell during 19 May on the Boru and Riagulu regions.

Geological Summary. The Lewotobi edifice in eastern Flores Island is composed of the two adjacent Lewotobi Laki-laki and Lewotobi Perempuan stratovolcanoes (the "husband and wife"). Their summits are less than 2 km apart along a NW-SE line. The conical Laki-laki to the NW has been frequently active during the 19th and 20th centuries, while the taller and broader Perempuan has had observed eruptions in 1921 and 1935. Small lava domes have grown during the 20th century in both of the summit craters, which are open to the north. A prominent cone, Iliwokar, occurs on the E flank of Perampuan.

Information Contacts: Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).