Report on Bezymianny (Russia) — July 1999
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 24, no. 7 (July 1999)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Bezymianny (Russia) Aseismic with largely minor steaming through 9 August
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1999. Report on Bezymianny (Russia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 24:7. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN199907-300250
55.972°N, 160.595°E; summit elev. 2882 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
From the period of 31 May 1999 thru 9 August 1999, no seismic activity was registered under the volcano. Fumarolic activity occurred periodically, with occasional plumes of gas-and-steam rising to a few hundred meters above the crater and extending several kilometers from the volcano.
On 18 June, a gas-and-steam plume rose 100 m above the crater, extending S more than 3 km, while a gas-and-steam plume on 28 June rose 400 m above the crater and extended fan-like 30 km to the E. Similar plumes occurred on 11, 13, 21, and 26 July, some rising as high as 300 m above the crater and extending up 10 km from the volcano.
Geological Summary. The modern Bezymianny, much smaller than its massive neighbors Kamen and Kliuchevskoi on the Kamchatka Peninsula, was formed about 4,700 years ago over a late-Pleistocene lava-dome complex and an ancestral edifice built about 11,000-7,000 years ago. Three periods of intensified activity have occurred during the past 3,000 years. The latest period, which was preceded by a 1,000-year quiescence, began with the dramatic 1955-56 eruption. This eruption, similar to that of St. Helens in 1980, produced a large open crater that was formed by collapse of the summit and an associated lateral blast. Subsequent episodic but ongoing lava-dome growth, accompanied by intermittent explosive activity and pyroclastic flows, has largely filled the 1956 crater.
Information Contacts: Olga Chubarova, Kamchatka Volcanic Eruptions Response Team (KVERT), Institute of Volcanic Geology and Geochemistry, Piip Ave. 9, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 683006, Russia; Tom Miller, Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO), a cooperative program of a) U.S. Geological Survey, 4200 University Drive, Anchorage, AK 99508-4667, USA (URL: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/), b) Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska, PO Box 757320, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7320, USA, and c) Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys, 794 University Ave., Suite 200, Fairbanks, AK 99709, USA.