Report on Kerinci (Indonesia) — August 2002
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 27, no. 8 (August 2002)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.
Kerinci (Indonesia) Continuous small explosions during May through early September 2002
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2002. Report on Kerinci (Indonesia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 27:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN200208-261170
1.697°S, 101.264°E; summit elev. 3800 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
During 27 May-8 September 2002, seismicity at Kerinci was dominated by continuous small explosion earthquakes. Plumes reached up to 800 m above the summit (table 3). The Alert Level remained at 2 throughout the report period.
|Date||Deep volcanic (A-type)||Shallow volcanic (B-type)||Tectonic||Plume observations|
|27 May-02 Jun 2002||--||--||--||Low-pressure plume reached 600 m and drifted W.|
|03 Jun-09 Jun 2002||1||2||2||Whitish-gray, thick, low-pressure plume reached 700 m and drifted W.|
|10 Jun-16 Jun 2002||3||1||10||Whitish-gray, thick, medium-pressure plume rose 700-800 m.|
|17 Jun-23 Jun 2002||1||8||16||Whitish-gray, thick, medium-pressure plume rose 100-500 m and drifted W.|
|24 Jun-30 Jun 2002||7||1||7||Whitish-gray, thick, medium-pressure plume rose 100-500 m and drifted W.|
|01 Jul-07 Jul 2002||3||1||3||White ash plume rose 50-500 m and drifted W.|
|08 Jul-14 Jul 2002||1||2||3||Whitish-gray ash plume rose 100-500 m and drifted E.|
|15 Jul-21 Jul 2002||2||2||0||Whitish-gray ash plume rose 100-400 m and drifted E.|
|22 Jul-28 Jul 2002||3||1||3||Whitish-gray ash plume rose 100-400 m and drifted E.|
|29 Jul-04 Aug 2002||0||0||4||White thin-thick ash plume rose 100-300 m and drifted W.|
|05 Aug-11 Aug 2002||8||0||5||White thin-thick ash plume rose 100-300 m and drifted W.|
|12 Aug-18 Aug 2002||2||3||5||White thin-thick ash plume rose 100-300 m and drifted E.|
|19 Aug-25 Aug 2002||2||1||5||White, thin, medium-pressure ash plume rose 100-400 m and drifted E.|
|26 Aug-01 Sep 2002||3||0||2||Whitish-gray, thin, medium-pressure ash plume rose 100-500 m and drifted S.|
|02 Sep-08 Sep 2002||0||3||7||White, thin-medium, medium-pressure ash plume rose 100-300 m and drifted S.|
Geological Summary. Gunung Kerinci in central Sumatra forms Indonesia's highest volcano and is one of the most active in Sumatra. It is capped by an unvegetated young summit cone that was constructed NE of an older crater remnant. There is a deep 600-m-wide summit crater often partially filled by a small crater lake that lies on the NE crater floor, opposite the SW-rim summit. The massive 13 x 25 km wide volcano towers 2400-3300 m above surrounding plains and is elongated in a N-S direction. Frequently active, Kerinci has been the source of numerous moderate explosive eruptions since its first recorded eruption in 1838.
Information Contacts: Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).