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Report on Kerinci (Indonesia) — December 2002


Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 27, no. 12 (December 2002)
Managing Editor: Richard Wunderman.

Kerinci (Indonesia) Continuous emissions through December 2002

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 2002. Report on Kerinci (Indonesia) (Wunderman, R., ed.). Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 27:12. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN200212-261170



1.697°S, 101.264°E; summit elev. 3800 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

Emissions were continuous through at least late October 2002 (table 4). During most of the period 9 September-27 October a "white-thin ash plume" rose 50-400 m and drifted toward the W or SW. No ashfall was reported. Kerinci remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4). No further reports were issued during 2002.

Table 4. Earthquakes registered at Kerinci during 9 September-27 October 2002. Courtesy VSI.

Date B-type volcanic Emission Tectonic
09 Sep-15 Sep 2002 3 Continuous 7
16 Sep-22 Sep 2002 4 Continuous 8
23 Sep-29 Sep 2002 1 Continuous 5
30 Sep-06 Oct 2002 1 Continuous 4
07 Oct-13 Oct 2002 2 Continuous 16
14 Oct-20 Oct 2002 -- Continuous 2
21 Oct-27 Oct 2002 -- Continuous --

Geological Summary. Gunung Kerinci in central Sumatra forms Indonesia's highest volcano and is one of the most active in Sumatra. It is capped by an unvegetated young summit cone that was constructed NE of an older crater remnant. There is a deep 600-m-wide summit crater often partially filled by a small crater lake that lies on the NE crater floor, opposite the SW-rim summit. The massive 13 x 25 km wide volcano towers 2400-3300 m above surrounding plains and is elongated in a N-S direction. Frequently active, Kerinci has been the source of numerous moderate explosive eruptions since its first recorded eruption in 1838.

Information Contacts: Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).