Report on Kerinci (Indonesia) — July 2018
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, vol. 43, no. 7 (July 2018)
Managing Editor: Edward Venzke. Report research and preparation by: Paul Berger.
Kerinci (Indonesia) Small ash plumes observed in August 2017, April 2018, and June 2018
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 2018. Report on Kerinci (Indonesia). In: Venzke, E. (ed.), Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network, 43:7. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.BGVN201807-261170.
1.697°S, 101.264°E; summit elev. 3800 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Kerinci has produced intermittent ash explosions in recent years, including December 2011, June 2013, March-June 2016, and November 2016 (BGVN 42:04). The Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC) has issued the only reports on activity between December 2016 and July 2018, and these have been based on satellite data. The Indonesia volcano monitoring agency, Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as Indonesian Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, CVGHM), has kept the Alert Level at 2 (on a scale of 1-4) since 9 September 2007.
According to the Darwin VAAC, on 13 August 2017, an ash plume rose to an altitude of 4.3 km and drifted WSW.
Sentinel-2 satellite imagery showed what appeared to be a small ash plume rising from the crater on 21 April 2018 (figure 4). The Darwin VAAC also reported that on 5 June 2018 a minor ash emission rose to an altitude of 4.3 km and drifted W (figure 5). On 10 June an ash plume rose to an altitude of 4 km and drifted W.
|Figure 4. Natural color satellite image from Sentinel-2 on 21 April 2018 showing a small light-brown ash plume rising from the Kerinci summit crater. Courtesy of Sentinel Hub.|
|Figure 5. A brown ash plume is visible in this natural color Sentinel-2 satellite image of the Kerinci crater on 5 June 2018. Courtesy of Sentinel Hub.|
During the reporting period, no significant sulfur dioxide levels near the volcano were recorded by NASA's satellite-borne ozone instruments, and no thermal anomalies were detected.
Geologic Background. Gunung Kerinci in central Sumatra forms Indonesia's highest volcano and is one of the most active in Sumatra. It is capped by an unvegetated young summit cone that was constructed NE of an older crater remnant. There is a deep 600-m-wide summit crater often partially filled by a small crater lake that lies on the NE crater floor, opposite the SW-rim summit. The massive 13 x 25 km wide volcano towers 2400-3300 m above surrounding plains and is elongated in a N-S direction. Frequently active, Kerinci has been the source of numerous moderate explosive eruptions since its first recorded eruption in 1838.
Information Contacts: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Bureau of Meteorology, Northern Territory Regional Office, PO Box 40050, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia (URL: http://www.bom.gov.au/info/vaac/); Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as Indonesian Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, CVGHM), Jalan Diponegoro 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Sentinel Hub Playground (URL: https://www.sentinel-hub.com/explore/sentinel-playground); Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology (HIGP) - MODVOLC Thermal Alerts System, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), Univ. of Hawai'i, 2525 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/); NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA/GSFC), Global Sulfur Dioxide Monitoring Page, Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Laboratory, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Goddard, Maryland, USA (URL: https://so2.gsfc.nasa.gov/).