Report on Morne Trois Pitons (Dominica) — May 1976
Natural Science Event Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 8 (May 1976)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Morne Trois Pitons (Dominica) Seismicity continues in May
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1976. Report on Morne Trois Pitons (Dominica) (Squires, D., ed.). Natural Science Event Bulletin, 1:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.NSEB197605-360100.
Morne Trois Pitons
15.37°N, 61.33°W; summit elev. 1387 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The trend of decreasing earthquake frequency reported last month did not continue into early May nor did the apparent trend toward increasing focal depths. Seismographs recorded 1-3 events per day in early May with depths of 1.2-2.2 km. Scientists from the University of West Indies' Seismic Research Unit have continued monitoring the activity with a telemetered network.
Geologic Background. Two large lava-domes complexes, Morne Trois Pitons and Micotrin, rise NE of the capital city of Roseau in central Dominica. Micotrin (Morne Macaque) dome lies immediately south of the larger 1387-m-high Morne Trois Pitons; small lakes are located in the saddle between the two domes and on the eastern flank of Micotrin. The domes are located along the margin of a large semi-circular depression on the western coast of central Dominica, whose origin has been variously attributed to caldera collapse, gravity sliding, or the juxtaposition of several independent volcanic centers. The area is the source of the voluminous, mostly submarine Roseau Tuff, a thick sequence of pyroclastic flows erupted between about 40,000 and 25,000 years ago. It is considered to have originated from calderas at Morne Trois Piton and Wotten Waven, the latter an elliptical NE-SW-trending caldera containing Microtin at its NE end. Explosive eruptions at the Trois Piton-Microtin complex producing pyroclastic flows continued into the late Pleistocene and Holocene. The youngest dated eruption took place about 800 CE, but other smaller eruptions may have occurred since.
Information Contacts: Seismic Research Unit, UWI.