Report on Bulusan (Philippines) — November 1980
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 5, no. 11 (November 1980)
Managing Editor: David Squires.
Bulusan (Philippines) Seismic activity decreases
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1980. Report on Bulusan (Philippines) (Squires, D., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 5:11. Smithsonian Institution.
12.769°N, 124.056°E; summit elev. 1535 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
The most recent ash eruption, on 28 September, was followed by a series of volcanic earthquakes that became less frequent with time. Felt events of intensity I-II on the MRF scale have also occasionally been recorded.
Geological Summary. Luzon's southernmost volcano, Bulusan, was constructed along the rim of the 11-km-diameter dacitic-to-rhyolitic Irosin caldera, which was formed about 36,000 years ago. It lies at the SE end of the Bicol volcanic arc occupying the peninsula of the same name that forms the elongated SE tip of Luzon. A broad, flat moat is located below the topographically prominent SW rim of Irosin caldera; the NE rim is buried by the andesitic complex. Bulusan is flanked by several other large intracaldera lava domes and cones, including the prominent Mount Jormajan lava dome on the SW flank and Sharp Peak to the NE. The summit is unvegetated and contains a 300-m-wide, 50-m-deep crater. Three small craters are located on the SE flank. Many moderate explosive eruptions have been recorded since the mid-19th century.
Information Contacts: O. Peña, COMVOL, Quezon City.