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Report on Ketoi (Russia) — December 1981


Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 12 (December 1981)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Ketoi (Russia) Intense fumarolic activity on the N slope

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1981. Report on Ketoi (Russia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 6:12. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198112-290200



47.35°N, 152.475°E; summit elev. 1172 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

Intense fumarolic activity was occurring on the outer N slope [of Pallas Peak during the 20 September 1981 overflight]. There were sulfur deposits near the fumaroles. However, no apparent fumarolic or solfataric activity was observed at Zavaritski Caldera (46.925°N, 151.95°E) or Prevo Peak (47.02°N, 152.12°E). Both are on Simushir, the island immediately SW of Ketoi.

Geological Summary. The circular 10-km-wide Ketoi island, which rises across the 19-km-wide Diana Strait from Simushir Island, hosts of one of the most complex volcanic structures of the Kuril Islands. The rim of a 5-km-wide Pleistocene caldera is exposed only on the NE side. A younger stratovolcano forming the NW part of the island is cut by a horst-and-graben structure containing two solfatara fields. A 1.5-km-wide freshwater lake fills an explosion crater in the center of the island. Pallas Peak, a large andesitic cone in the NE part of the caldera, is truncated by a 550-m-wide crater containing a brilliantly colored turquoise crater lake. Lava flows from Pallas Peak overtop the caldera rim and descend nearly 5 km to the SE coast. The first historical eruption of Pallas Peak, during 1843-46, was its largest.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg, Sakhalin Complex Institute.