Report on San Cristobal (Nicaragua) — August 1982
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 8 (August 1982)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
San Cristobal (Nicaragua) Continuous gas column; incandescent areas
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1982. Report on San Cristobal (Nicaragua) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 7:8. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198208-344020
12.702°N, 87.004°W; summit elev. 1745 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
A gas column, usually drifting SW, was continuously present over the volcano. The strongest activity was concentrated in the E part of the summit crater, where several incandescent areas were observed. A temperature of 565°C was measured in July. Landslides within the crater enlarged its E portion. Since the strong seismic activity of March 1981, only occasional small earthquakes have been recorded, normal at San Cristóbal.
Geological Summary. The San Cristóbal volcanic complex, consisting of five principal volcanic edifices, forms the NW end of the Marrabios Range. The symmetrical 1745-m-high youngest cone, named San Cristóbal (also known as El Viejo), is Nicaragua's highest volcano and is capped by a 500 x 600 m wide crater. El Chonco, with several flank lava domes, is located 4 km W of San Cristóbal; it and the eroded Moyotepe volcano, 4 km NE of San Cristóbal, are of Pleistocene age. Volcán Casita, containing an elongated summit crater, lies immediately east of San Cristóbal and was the site of a catastrophic landslide and lahar in 1998. The Plio-Pleistocene La Pelona caldera is located at the eastern end of the complex. Historical eruptions from San Cristóbal, consisting of small-to-moderate explosive activity, have been reported since the 16th century. Some other 16th-century eruptions attributed to Casita volcano are uncertain and may pertain to other Marrabios Range volcanoes.
Information Contacts: D. Fajardo B., INETER; R. Parnell, Jr., Dartmouth College.