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Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) — March 1983


Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 3 (March 1983)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.

Klyuchevskoy (Russia) Earthquake swarm then lava flow from NE flank vent

Please cite this report as:

Global Volcanism Program, 1983. Report on Klyuchevskoy (Russia) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 8:3. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198303-300260



56.056°N, 160.642°E; summit elev. 4754 m

All times are local (unless otherwise noted)

An earthquake swarm on the NE flank began 28 February. The majority of the events had foci above sea level (Kliuchevskoi's summit elevation is 4,850 m) and their maximum magnitude was 3. Based on the swarm's character, the IVP predicted that a flank eruption would start between 4 and 9 March. On 8 March a crater opened at 3,000 m altitude on the NE flank. Activity from the crater was purely effusive, producing an andesitic basalt flow that was 3 km long by 18 March.

Further References. Special issue on the 1983 eruption of Kliuchevskoi: Volcanology and Seismology, 1988, 148 pp. (English translation of Volcanology and Seismology, 1985, no. 1) (8 papers).

Panov, V.K., and Slezin, Y.B., 1985, The mechanism of formation of a lava field during the Predskazanny flank eruption, 1983, Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka: Volcanology and Seismology, no. 3, p. 3-13.

Tokarev, P.I., 1985, Prediction of lateral eruption of Kliuchevskoy volcano in March 1983: JVGR, v. 25, p. 173-180.

Geological Summary. Klyuchevskoy (also spelled Kliuchevskoi) is Kamchatka's highest and most active volcano. Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. It rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of the 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.

Information Contacts: B. Ivanov, IVP.