Report on Poas (Costa Rica) — April 1983
Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, vol. 8, no. 4 (April 1983)
Managing Editor: Lindsay McClelland.
Poas (Costa Rica) Fumarole and crater lake temperatures increase
Please cite this report as:
Global Volcanism Program, 1983. Report on Poas (Costa Rica) (McClelland, L., ed.). Scientific Event Alert Network Bulletin, 8:4. Smithsonian Institution. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.SEAN198304-345040
10.2°N, 84.233°W; summit elev. 2697 m
All times are local (unless otherwise noted)
Fumarolic activity continued from the eroded cone formed during the 1953-55 eruption. Fumarole and crater lake temperatures generally increased through the 5-month period (see table 3). The water level in the lake has dropped 5 m during the current dry season. The lake's pH was 0.2.
Geological Summary. The broad vegetated edifice of Poás, one of the most active volcanoes of Costa Rica, contains three craters along a N-S line. The frequently visited multi-hued summit crater lakes of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano are easily accessible by vehicle from the nearby capital city of San José. A N-S-trending fissure cutting the complex stratovolcano extends to the lower N flank, where it has produced the Congo stratovolcano and several lake-filled maars. The southernmost of the two summit crater lakes, Botos, last erupted about 7,500 years ago. The more prominent geothermally heated northern lake, Laguna Caliente, is one of the world's most acidic natural lakes, with a pH of near zero. It has been the site of frequent phreatic and phreatomagmatic eruptions since an eruption was reported in 1828. Eruptions often include geyser-like ejections of crater-lake water.
Information Contacts: J. Barquero H. and J. de Dios Segura, Univ. Nacional, Heredia.